Check and ensure all the electrical connections and cables are well connected and that there are no lose wires or loosely placed cables. Personnel should be properly qualified before cleaning electrical equipment. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! Check if there are frayed wires, loose plugs ad connections. A rag barely moistened (not wet) with a nonflammable solvent can be used for wiping. It is the opinion of the authors that OSHA drives this standard as well as the National Electrical Code (NEC) and NFPA 70E that deals with electrical safety. Electricity and water make a dangerous combination, so always keep electrical equipment away from rain and water. In practice, a preventive maintenance program can be quite complex: there's a great deal of data to be collected and analyzed, and many competing tasks to schedule, prioritize and cost. As with any internal combustion engine, proper maintenance is essential. NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. Check power cords, switches and connections for exposed wires or broken parts. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. Heaters a. If compressed air is used, protection should be provided against injury to workers' faces and eyes from flying debris and to their lungs from dust inhalation. Any electrical preventive maintenance program should be performed in accordance with accepted industry standards and safety practices. Maintenance management of mechanical equipment includes repair, replacement and servicing of tools. Rags can easily catch on edges other and sharp objects, which could damage small plastic or moving parts. Frequency of EPM In general, HSB recommends a frequency of once every three years for conducting Solvents used for cleaning of electrical equipment should be selected carefully to ensure compatibility with materials being cleaned. Amputation & Caught-in Hazard s – machine guards on equipment are installed to protect our employees from moving parts. Observe all material data sheets prior to using chemical cleaners. 1310. Don't use waste rags when cleaning electrical equipment because lint will adhere to the insulation, acting as a further dirt-collecting agent, which can cause tracking. Removed the apparatus to a suitable location for cleaning, or other exposed equipment should be covered before cleaning starts to keep the debris out. Practice Test Question: Which relay is used to protect feeders? b. However, frequency is highly dependent on equipment conditions and operations. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance, Access 300+ codes online including the most current requirements and previous editions, © National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 2020, National Fire Codes® Subscription Service, The value of Standards Development Organizations, Alternative Fuel Vehicles Safety Training, Spanish-language seminars in Latin America and Spain, Safety in living and entertainment spaces, Submit a Public Input for the Next Edition. Abrasive blasting operations should comply with OSHA regulations in 29 CFR 1910.94(a), "Occupational Health and Environmental Control � Ventilation." equipment participate in training and instruction sessions and become trained operators. Diesel Generator Routine General Inspection. First, it is cheaper to make repairs to equipment before it fails. Sharpen your skills with our collection of quizzes on electrical safety, maintenance & testing of electrical equipment and industry standards. An electrician can check your electric panel, replace damaged wires and test circuit breakers. General Rules in the Use of Cleaning Equipment  1. Shot blasting should not be used. They include: CMS maintenance guidance.The revised CMS State Operations Manual provides guidance for state personnel surveying hospitals on behalf of CMS. If the coils are located on the back, pull out your fridge to clean them. Check if there are frayed wires,  loose plugs ad connections. Wiping off dirt with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth or soft brush is usually satisfactory if the apparatus is small, the surfaces to be cleaned are accessible, and only dry dirt is to be removed. Cleanliness. Some autoscrubbers have acid-cell or gel batteries. Photo Credit: Andrew Barna, flickr (CC). Develop a tool storage system and instill its importance into your workers. Photo Credit: Wickens Dry Ice Blasting. ... All electrical test equipment shall conform to the following requirements, outlined in ANSI/NETA MTS-2011. Terms of Use Maintaining electrical equipment safety The law requires electrical equipment to be maintained to prevent danger. It ensures their operational viability and prevents fluctuations in the production process. Neglecting the maintenance of electrical equipment over a long period of time will inevitably lead to costly emergency repairs and equipment failures in addition to elevated safety and property risks. Bonus: The clean coils will cool more efficiently and save you money on your utility bill! Cleaning, exercising, lubricating, relay testing and breaker testing are conducted during a de-energized state. New or unusual wear or loss of parts occurring after the cleaning can be detected during subsequent maintenance. General requirements for equipment maintenance include: Obtaining a copy of the maintenance schedule recommended by the manufacturer. Never use any appliance that is defective. The only way to be sure. Maintaining electrical equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical incidents, as the equipment generally is de-energized to perform scheduled maintenance. Maintenance Practices and General Information for Federal Buildings ... state, federal guidelines and regulations must be adhered to with respect to documentation, handling and disposal of refrigerants. A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. But like many simple ideas, it can be challenging to make it a reality. maintenance activities and frequencies should be based on the specific operations and conditions of the equipment. Retaining records of maintenance/service conducted. Allow sufficient time for drying after cleaning equipment with a liquid solvent or water! Electric Radiant or Convector 10 b. Radiant Hot Water 25 c. Radiant Gas 18 d. Steam or Hot Water Convector, 50 Cast Iron e. Steam or Hot Water Fin Tube 15 PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE GUIDEBOOK 76 Appendix 7: Building Systems Useful Life You never know. The evolving nature of many industries is calling out for better equipment maintenance practices. Substations and switchgear in an electrical system perform the functions of voltage transformation, system protection, power factor correction metering, and circuit switching. Wear the required personal protective equipment (PPE) such as goggles, gloves, aprons, and respirators when working with potentially hazardous solvents. Be smart and use our preventive maintenance checklist to keep your … Use care when working with compressed air to avoid contaminants from become airborne, which can contaminate insulation surfaces, cause injury to personnel, or affect the mechanical operation of nearby equipment. Electrical preventive maintenance is cost-effective in many ways, improves equipment efficiency and reduces utility bills. NFPA 70E mandates the employer's electrical safety program include consideration for condition of maintenance of electrical equipment and systems. Electrical equipment malfunctions and failures are responsible for million-dollar losses to facilities, industries, and businesses worldwide. Check electrical appliances and equipment before use. Recommended Practice for Electrical Equipment Maintenance NFPA 70B details preventive maintenance for electrical, electronic, and communication systems and equipment -- such as those used in industrial plants, institutional and commercial buildings, and large multi-family residential complexes -- to prevent equipment failures and worker injuries. Key among these documents and references, which are listed in the sidebar on Page 50, are information from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), the American Society for Healthcare Engineering (ASHE) and the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), among others. In general, HSB recommends a frequency of once every three years for conducting regular preventive maintenance on electrical equipment. 6. When electrical equipment fails, particularly protective devices like circuit breakers or relays, there is usually subsequent damage to other components in the system. All cables are to be held firmly in place in truncking or suitable brackets with cable ties. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. A solid EPM program should include de-energized maintenance at least every three years on critical equipment, including the incoming electrical service from the utility. Maintenance of Electrical Equipment In Buildings (photo credit: Critical Power Testing and Maintenance, LLC. Electrical equipment should be kept clean for maximum efficiency and service longevity. Responses are provided by NFPA staff on an informal basis. On many fridges, you get to the coils by removing the front grille. Electrical Hazards – equipment that uses electricity as a power source is a potential electrocution hazard. Observe all material data sheets prior to using chemical cleaners. Being prepared for … Compressed air should be dry and directed in a manner to avoid further blockage of ventilation ducts and recesses in insulations. Most of these incidents are due to workers not checking for the absence of voltage — or other oversights — before attempting to perform maintenance on the equipment. Make sure that dust or contamination is kept off high-voltage equipment. Protection might also be needed against contamination of other nearby equipment if the insulation is cleaned in place with compressed air. As equipment starts to display signs of electrical aging, it should act as a trigger for the employer or owner to carry out preventive maintenance to avoid catastrophic failure. Never use any appliance that is defective. Often the equipment cannot be repaired and must be completely replaced. You should never start any home maintenance or repair work without proper preparation and safety tools. In fact, one of the most important steps in good electrical maintenance is having a professional inspect your system at least once a year. Blow out dirt weekly ; in normal environments, a quarterly or semi-annual cleaning should be performed in accordance accepted. Equipment efficiency and service longevity equipment only accounts for 5 percent of electrical equipment clean is an part. 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