The 21st century is undoubtedly going to be the computer age for a man. Teaching is done teacher-to-student, student-to-student, and people-technology-people (co-constructivism) 4. These educational technologies include computers, the internet, E-mail, Teleconferencing, CD ROM, and Website. The mail automatically gets stored in the mailbox to be opened at any time. A new discovery in science and technology may be facilitated through it. The use of computers as a teaching aid is famous as Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI). Of course with the rapid progress of the telecommunication system, its educational viability as media has become brighter. It is an application of scientific knowledge to education and training. Training in physical exercises, games and sports, classical dance recital, and much more such training programs may be also facilitated by the CD-Rom. In order to establish a close relationship between the teacher and the parents through the correspondence of letters, the computer may prove to be of great help. This E-mail service facility through the internet is provided by different service agencies like Rediff mail.com, Yahoomail.com, etc. In classroom, we can use computer to create our assignments, browse internet to do research on the topics, complete our homework using Wikipedia I mean there are lot of benefits of using technology in education. Innovations and experimentation undertaken in educational technology have opened up new fields of educational research. It empowers students by getting them to be more interested in learning and expanding their horizons. Technology helps a lot in education. In response to this need, the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Educational Technology, in partnership with the American Institutes for Research (AIR), developed a research-based synthesis defining a set of policies and practices implemented by successful Future Ready district leaders. It is a new step of modem technology towards the improved communication of knowledge and exchange of ideas at the national and international levels. Desire to learn. With the use of science and technology in the teaching methods, education has become all the way more fun, easy and interesting for the students. A computer is an electronic machine that assists in simplification of computation or calculation work with greater speed, accuracy, and efficiency. Computers can motivate the students to spend their leisure time through brainwork quite constructively. A computer can take all responsibility of processing and planning of educational work for the head of the institution. Educational technology and media maintain the spirit of democracy in the field of education. It also keeps the privacy and confidentiality of the message sent to the receiver. In fact, Open Universities like the IGNOU in our country have fully utilized the communication facility provided by the internet for the promotion of distance learning. Transmission and delivery of the message take place within minutes to any part of the world with security and reliability. CD-ROM may be said as an improved technological means that may act as a substitute for the traditional method of using books. That can also give reliability and authenticity of knowledge received. He may accordingly make an immediate reaction to those situations. Also, it influences every aspect of modem education for its reassessment and reorganization. 2. The computer has emerged as a great power in the privatization of the present educational system by authority. The most important advantage of E-mail is that a person can send and receive important information with pictures too, in the shortest possible time. It is compact machinery, made up of many parts. The increased use of educational technology in modern education has thrown a challenging responsibility to the teacher and the taught. Activity performed by computer maintains efficiency, accuracy, and precision even when it is repeated a number of times. Besides, the computer is mainly responsible for creating the problem of unemployment in the country. Educational technology tries to assess and evaluate the worthwhileness of the psychological laws and principles in the light of modern science and technology. Within these domains are 6 sub-domains that represent both areas of growth and characteristics of how learning might change when fused with emerging technologies. This dichotomy is particularly aggravated when it comes to technology, where fast-paced innovation and perpetual change is the only constant. Examples: reactive materials, reactive furniture, 3D printers, digitally intermediated field trips. The internet comprises of thousands of smaller regional networks that spread throughout the globe. It is the handiest technology in keeping all forms of letters and records for the smooth running of the educational administration. The pace of change brought about by new technologies has had a significant effect on the way people live, work, and play worldwide. may be popularized among the masses through this system. It creates a natural situation of conversation of people through the screen as if in the presence of one another. The computer can ask questions to test the student’s ability, to understand and can indicate that the answer is right or wrong. Major characteristics of the computer are: Computer as a technological means of education is gradually capturing the whole process of modern education, owing to the fact that it has specific qualities and advantages over the other ways and means. It is the systematic application of scientific knowledge and experience to education. It shifts the emphasis from the teacher to the learner in the matter of learning and teaching. Affective • Students develop interest in learning. To ensure this, a technique of password is used with the E-mail address. Students’ computation work becomes easier and. It is a round-shaped electronic disk that can store a large amount of data and information for the users. It controls the environment, its media, and the method in order to give better results in learning. Characteristics of Educational Technology are as follows: It is a fast growing modern discipline. It is the world’s largest and fastest service offered on the internet through the World Wide Web. Digital media in the form of text, graphics, video and audio, usually integrated and increasingly delivered over mobile devices, are ubiquitous in homes and schools. The first freely programmable computer was developed by Conrad Zuse called Z1 computer in 1936. He may have access to it any time he wished. The browser carries the information from where one can have access to subway information in the web. Tablet PCs, the latest trend can also be used in education. A modern computer can, therefore, work to help people in a more magical way. So it has every possibility of being misused. Whereas, Microsoft Windows in 1985 design the latest and the most up to date computer. Its stored up contents cannot be erased or filled up or modified. The recorded data of CD can be read by using an input device called CD-ROM drive or player. In fact, teaching through computers becomes more successful for students through computers by using diagrams and tables. Due to computer, the human brain remains an inactive and passive follower of a machine that lacks in new creativity. Thus, in the fast-changing nature of modern technology in education teleconferencing system may emerge as the workable method of globalization of education. Educational Technology accepts schools as a system. It marked the beginning of educational technology … Therefore, the system itself enjoys unlimited freedom in its functioning. The scope of non-formal education through the correspondence of letters by the learner has been an easy means through this system. But the general structure and functions here are similar to that of the ordinary mail by post, yet it functions with the aid of a computer through the internet. So, one can have access to it only through the internet. Thus, it is the massive worldwide network system of computers. The Internet is the fastest and more convenient way in the collection and publication of the news and information from any part of the globe. Examples: portable academic histories, flipped classrooms, inter-school teaching platforms, digitization of books, open courseware, education app stores, online school communities, video lessons, formal communication #backchannels. Nowadays, mobile SMS has gradually replaced an E-mail account. A modern computer can work mathematical and science problems, organize, systematize, and handle any type of information, which is beyond the reach of the human brain. 11 No. Opening of Information: Dissemination of information outside the physical silos of schools and classrooms, offering feedback and assessment to students anywhere. The same likely applies to learning. Each of which is a separate invention of its own. It is an electronic machine that helps a man in the simplification of computation or calculation work. Nobody owns the internet, no country has the authority to control, guide, and direct it. They are preserved in a number of electronic pages called ‘web pages’. The present form of World Wide Internet Service owes its origin to this achievement. It translates the digital data sent by the computer into analog form. The subject itself is constantly on the lookout for finding new tactics, strategies, models, and systems of education in order to maximize the output of learning. There are probably other characteristics or dimensions of educational media that might also be identified, but three key characteristics or dimensions are particularly important: broadcast vs communicative; synchronous (live) vs asynchronous (recorded) single vs rich media 1. 5. Ed note: We recently got in touch with Michell again and hope to have some updated thinking around this idea in the very near future. It helps the students, the teachers, and the educational administrators in many ways through the use of this technology. Further, the computer helps the teacher in setting up the questions for the examination of the student’s achievements. Predicting the growth of technology is impossible–in both rate and direction. Therefore, without elaboration on it, below are the harmful effects of a computer. The experimental work was even when the nuclear disaster took place due to hit by enemy nuclear missiles, the existing communication system should continue to function. Common men live with entertainment in keeping their mental health and hygiene. Here is how digital learning is a step up from traditional education methods. The Internet is easily accessible to people. On the website, information is kept in a number of pages called ‘web pages’. It is bound to improve the teacher, the learner and the teaching learning process. The internet facilitates the concept of distance learning through correspondence or distance learning. They were successful in their attempt. It will be wrong to say a computer as merely a dumb instrument, but more appropriately we can call as an interactive system. Despite its inherently speculative nature, the driving trends behind the technologies can already be observed, meaning it’s a matter of time before these scenarios start panning out in learning environments around the world.”, Image attribution flickr user radarcommunication; Envisioning The Future Of Technology In Education. This visualization attempts to organize a series of emerging technologies that are likely to influence education in the upcoming decades. The term ‘Educational Technology’ implies the study of the techniques, methods, or skills of activity that relate to the field of education. The capacity of an E-mail account is also very large. It involves human and non-human resources in the process of learning. Gamification: Billed as an evolution in grading mechanisms, gamification brings instant feedback to acquired knowledge through achievements and points systems. Whereas, the additional web pages that carry specific information are called child pages. The recorded contents of a CD can be read by using an input device called a CD-ROM drive. It can help the students to learn as per their one’s own individual rate of progress. Computer today has occupied the different fields of human work and achievement, promising more efficiency, accuracy, and precision. Thus, it has been globalized in its function. 4. Also, it can help the medical men to identify diseases, undertake surgical action, and offer treatment from a distance. Technology is the essence of change in business and society. The service can be availed from the provider by giving a subscription or by paying fees. Today, email, SMS, and various chat software tools have become the principal modes of business communication. A wider prospect of the use of computers has been opened up in the field of education. “Education lies at a peculiar crossroad in society. The machine receives information, processes them in order of sequence, and gives the necessary outcome or the result to the user. As such, a computer can finish typing several hundreds of letters in no time. In the situation of power failure, the system is not workable. E-mail facilities through the internet are being provided by the service providers in a more organized and systematic way. As a result, the World Wide Web is now emerging as the fastest growing valuable service to have been offered on the internet. In fact, it provides the fastest, easiest and cheapest means of information communication on a global basis. The roles of educational technology in modern education are as follows: The Scientific and Technological Basis of Education, Education attains the status of science and technology owing to the application of technological means and methods in teaching-learning activity. The undertaking of research work by the research scholars on a certain subject has been very much simplified by the internet. The teachers can use the computer to make the necessary educational planning before the start of the academic session. The concept of Educational Technology as a subject may find expression through the following points. The Definition of Education Technology in China . Computer today has been able to open up a new horizon of human education known as Educational Technology. But its merits cannot be overweight by its demerits. It may be said as a big step to the globalization of education. Virtual/Physical Studios: Bridging the online–offline gap, these future technologies offer a potential … The contents of the web site may be kept in the form of text, pictures, sounds, music, or any other sensory experiences. The computer works steadily without making a single mistake. Analog signals are continuous signals in the form of waves. It aims at increasing efficiency in teaching-learning activity. Aesthetic, moral, and spiritual values have their awful failure in our social life due to the extreme mechanistic form of computer culture. But teleconferencing makes it possible to discuss certain mutual problems by groups of individuals seeing one another on the screen of the monitor. Highlighting the concept of a website, it may be said that the world of today lives and develops with information and publicity that one gives and the other who receives it. The user can have access to that information by using a unique address called website address. This is true in many contexts for varied learners. One of the most common applications of computers in education today involves the ongoing use of educational software and programs that facilitate personalized online instruction for students. During the 1920s to the 1930s, slide, film, and the phonograph were used in the educational process. We can even say that the present age is undoubtedly the age of the computer. Thus, a computer has now become an essential instrument as that of the blackboard in every school. The Internet is a network of networks. Thus, the use of Automatic Transaction Process (ATP) and Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) and Smart Card have brought a revolutionary change in the process of commercial transactions. To have access to the internet we need to have the following components. -- National Educational Technology Standards for Students, International Society for Technology in Education When effectively integrated into the curriculum, technology tools can extend learning in powerful ways. Examples: eyewear/HUDs, retinal screens, holography, neuroinfomatics, immersive virtual reality, 5. Such information may include the nature of courses for study and the duration. Therefore, educational technology stands for a wide application of human and non-human resources for providing an appropriate solution to educational problems. The Internet has provided a wider spectrum of learning opportunities in the field of education and information at present. CD-ROM may in a sense be said as a technologically more improved and lively means than the printed materials of books traditionally being used. 3. Disintermediation: Undoing the traditional teacher-student model, these technologies offer a scenario where AI handles personalization while teachers focus on teaching, Examples: telepresence, algo-generated lessons, mobile learning platforms, task-assignment algorithms, S2S teaching platforms, assessment algorithms, student-designed learning mechanics. 6. A brief description and analysis of them are below: The computer is a wonderful creation of mankind that was invented during the middle of the 20th century. Modem: It stands for modulation and demodulation of signals. Percentage of public school districts with students enrolled in technology-based distance education courses and no. Tim Berners Lee, a research scholar in Switzerland, was able to develop the World Wide Web (WWW) to make the information system on the internet easier to read and understand. Internet activities are uncensored. Self-learning and self-instructional programs and materials are being used to make the learner personally involved. In a related vein, cloud technology is enabling a new educational model known as ‘flipped classrooms’ in whi… Technology is interactive, and students learn by doing, researching, and receiving feedback. Combine them and you’ve got even greater uncertainty, but that’s what Michell Zappa and the folks over at Envisioningtech did in creating the following massive concept map. However, it depends on the maintenance of confidentiality and integrity by its users. As such, poor people cannot afford to purchase it for their education. Long distance communication is one area where technology has made a profound impact on workplaces. It is in a position to remove the old traditional views and outlook of education and develop a scientific attitude towards the mechanism of human learning. We can say that the modern education is just a new version or the up gradation of the traditional education. Technology is becoming an integral part of any modern classroom. It can be used to chat with people from different countries and get the latest news and information immediately. New conceptions are possible only due to educational technology such as programmed learning, micro-teaching, simulated teaching, interaction analysis, video-tape, tape-recorder, projector and computer, etc. In respect of the study of science and technological subjects, the system may very effectively help the teachers and students in feeding them up to date knowledge and information. Educational technology is based on the principle of individualization in learning rather than collective teaching in the traditional classroom. One web page may carry a single unit of information, often called a document. In education, the cloud is used to store and share digital textbooks, lesson plans, videos, and assignments. Internet Service Provider (ISP): It is an agent responsible for providing internet service to the user. The user who wants to search for necessary information, he has to make a search for the web pages by using the browser. At present computers may be better known as the electronic brain or thinking machine of man because it is beyond the capacity of the human brain. 8 Characteristics Of Education 3.0. As such the message can be collected, transmitted, and delivered to the addressee quite conveniently, reliably, and in the shortest possible time. Virtual/Physical Studios: Bridging the online–offline gap, these future technologies offer a potential future where embodiment is secondary to information access. The appropriate answer is that many inventors have contributed to the development of different systems of computers. Also, the use of video conferencing is on the rise, thus reducing the need for physical travel. Literally ‘web’ stands for ‘net’ or ‘network’ and ‘site’ stands for ‘place’ or ‘location’ of information in the network all over the world. It plainly goes to mean the study of the techniques or skills involved in teaching-learning activity that use to take place between the two agencies of the teacher and the taught in school. Even in the present century, the computer plays a major role in our day to day life. It may serve as a very effective means of international exchange of knowledge and ideas among scholars and intellectuals. Whereas,  the specific information on additional pages is called ‘child pages. Examples: student developed apps, educational games, educational programming tools, achievement badges, self-paced learning. It has inspired the scientists for more effective and innovative means to be applied in imparting mass education. The telephone system provides an opportunity for conversation only to two persons at a time without seeing each other. The CD player is provided in the Central Processing Unit (CPU) of the computer itself. Modern education is derived from traditional education. In order to send letters, a person should have a unique E-mail address or Email ID on the internet. One of the most important aspects of technology in education is its ability to level the field of opportunity for students. Computer: A computer acts as a display device through which one can have access to the internet. Also, the teacher can teach the student’s science and mathematics subjects. Educational technology is all of the systems, materials, and technology that an institution and its staff use to facilitate learning after having understood the principles of how learning best takes place. A website is a place or location on the World Wide Web, where it stores all types of information. As such, modern education is not only based on psychology, but also on the technology of learning. Teaching-learning activity was viewed earlier as a relationship tied up with moral and spiritual values. They include programming of the curricular contents, use of the audio-visual aids, techniques and strategies of teaching, the methodology of teacher training, feedback in learning, and so on. The education of its citizenry is the bedrock of national development in any country. It can be used when a large volume of data such as a dictionary and encyclopedia needs to be preserved for future use. The term ‘website’ is one of them that relates to the internet in information technology. It can draw pictures, compose musical tunes, supply printed materials, and control machines. The disk is also very light and easily portable. The functions of E-mail that involve receiving, storing, forwarding, and monitoring of the message are done by the software called Email software. 2019, Digest of Education Statistics 2018, Table 218.20. The instrument is very costly. It also involves a good deal of technical knowledge and it requires training for its effective use. • Students can’t express their feeling to technology. It may practically help in financial management regarding fees collection, donation, payment of teachers and a government grant, etc. Also, they make intellectual co-operation and coordination in the matter of academic exchange of knowledge and concept. It is the common platform of millions of computers working in the world over. Therefore, it has special importance in the field of education. The news agencies can publish them in the newspaper overnight through the use of the internet and make them available to people early in the morning. 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