Formerly a part of Assam, Meghalaya attained full statehood in 1972. It is bounded by the Indian state of Assam to the north and northeast and by Bangladesh to the south and southwest. Babban birnin jihar da birnin mafi girman jihar Shillong ne. Get Shillong's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Meghalaya is a beautiful state in northeast India. Meghalaya jiha ce, da ke a Arewa maso Gabashin ƙasar Indiya.Tana da yawan fili kimanin kilomita murabba’i 22,429 da yawan jama’a 2,964,007 (in ji ƙidayar shekarar 2011). Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In what state is Bengaluru? (2011) 2,964,007. A very remote area usually known for its abundance of natural beauty i.e. Meghalaya has 11 districts : 1. km (8,660 sq. 11. Ideal Itinerary for Meghalaya. The name of the name actually means the abode of clouds in the Sanskrit language. State in India. There are also a small minority of Muslims and even smaller groups of Buddhists and Sikhs. Earlier, It was a part of Assam. The population is predominantly rural, and few towns exist in the state. Meghalaya is rich in tribal culture and folklore. Meghalaya (mā'gəlā`yə), state (2001 provisional pop. The most famous of these is the "double-decker" root bridge which is … Meghalaya, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country. Meghalaya. Meghalaya has abundant but untapped natural resources, including coal, limestone, kaolin, feldspar, quartz, mica, gypsum, bauxite, and other minerals. Apart from accounts of the more important Khasi kingdoms in the chronicles of the neighbouring Ahoms and Kacharis, little is known of Meghalaya prior to the British period. Meghalaya synonyms, Meghalaya pronunciation, Meghalaya translation, English dictionary definition of Meghalaya. Agriculture is the dominant economic activity of the state. A cave namely Jaintia Hills is long more than 22 km and connects two separate caves in the area. Meghalaya consists of the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills along with their outliers formed by the Assam ranges. (2011) 2,964,007. Elephants, tigers, leopards, deer, wild pigs, gaurs (wild bison), mithan (or gayals, the domesticated form of the gaur), wolves, anteaters, monkeys, apes, squirrels, snakes, hares, and sambar deer are all found in the state. The state is predominantly inhabited by three major tribes viz The GAROS, the KHASIS and the Jaintias. Meghalaya has an estimated 15,100 million tonnes of limestone … In 1947 the rulers of the region acceded to the newly independent country of India. Meghalaya is a unique and small state in the north-eastern region of India, it is a paradise on earth. Meghalaya has the highest rainfall in India, recording an annual average of 12,000 millimeters. Ideal Itinerary for Meghalaya. Facts About Meghalaya – Meghalaya, a hilly strip in eastern India, covers a total area of just 22,429 sq km. However, the advent of Christianity in the mid-19th century, along with its strict morality, disrupted many of the tribal and communal institutions. Birds in Meghalaya include peacocks, partridges, pigeons, hornbills, jungle fowls, mynas, and parrots. Meghalaya is blanketed in lush forests, and pines, sals, and bamboo are plentiful. Pop. No one travel beyond Jowai in the Jaintia Hills or beyond Tura in the Garo Hills.. For most of the visitors, Meghalaya means Shillong, Cherrapunji and Dawki only. Endi silk is used to make colourful wraps and hawls; baskets known as khokd thugis are commonly woven; cone shaped bamboo rain shields known as knup are also popular. The state of Meghalaya (the abode of clouds) is geographically known as the "Meghalaya Plateau" or the "Shillong Plateau". Opponents of the treaty persuaded the syiem to repudiate it in 1829, and a subsequent attack on the British led inevitably to British military operations against the Khasis. Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. #1 of 9 Sights & Landmarks in Sohra. The density of Meghalaya state in the current decade is 343 per sq mile. Cherrapunji Garo Hills, Tura, Butterfly Museum, Central Museum, Wangala (Harvest Festival), Shad Nongkrem, Shad Sukmynsiem, Shad Nongkrem and Doregata dances. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Most of the area of Meghalaya remains untouched even today on the tourism map. Internal communications are poor, and many areas remain isolated. 2,306,069), c.8,700 sq mi (22,530 sq km), NE India, bordered on the south by Bangladesh.The capital is Shillong Shillong, city (1991 pop. About 70% of the state is covered with forest. being flanked by the mountains and having a rich composition of both water and vegetation. If the father-in-law dies, the nokrom marries (and the marriage has to be consummated) the widowed mother-in-law, thus becoming the husband of both mother and daughter. There are no railways in Meghalaya. There are 11 functional root bridges in this area and all of them look exceptionally good. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 300 kilometres in length and about 100 kilometres in breadth. Most of the area of Meghalaya remains untouched even today on the tourism map. It is the detached north-eastern extension of the Peninsular India. Relief and structure of Meghalaya. The Garo Hills district has the maximum coal reserves Nartiang in Jaintia Hills has a cluster of megaliths and monoliths. Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram are among the wettest places on Earth; most of the rain falls between June and September, creating very impressive waterfalls and carving out some of Asia’s longest caves. Pop. The Nongkhyllem Sanctuary spreads over an area of about 29 square kilometres and is famous as a breeding ground to various rare species that include reptiles, animals, birds and other fauna. Geneva Representative, Third World Network, Penang, Malaysia. Meghalaya has a number of ancient caves. The state of Meghalaya is situated in the northeast region of India, extending from latitude 20°1' N and 26°5' N and longitude 85°49' E and 92°52' E. It extends for about 300 km in length and about 100 km in width. Meghalaya was created as an autonomous state within Assam in 1970 and achieved full statehood on January 21, 1972. Krang Suri Falls. Garos celebrate a good harvest with Wangala, or the dance of Hundred Drums, in November. Marriages are exogamous. East Khasi Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. Christianity, Hinduism, and animistic forms of Hinduism are the major religions in the area. The climate of Meghalaya is generally mild. The detail analysis of Population Census 2011 published by Govt. The area is made of the oldest rock-formations. As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Meghalaya's seven districts. It means “the abode of clouds” in the Sanskrit language, and became one of the famous tourist destinations in India. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). Nearly 10% of the geographical area of Meghalaya is under cultivation. One of the world’s wettest regions is found in Meghalaya—Cherrapunji, which has an average annual precipitation of about 450 inches (11,430 mm) during monsoon season (from May to September). Meghalaya has no heavy industries; small-scale industries include the manufacture of cement, plywood, and foodstuffs. The Garo Hills in the west rise abruptly from the Brahmaputra River valley to about 1,000 feet (300 metres) and then merge with the Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, adjacent highland systems that form a single massif of tablelands separated by a series of eastward-trending ridges. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Meghalaya. of India for Meghalaya state reveal that population of Meghalaya has increased by 27.95% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Meghalaya, Official Site for The Tourism of Meghalaya, India, Meghalaya - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). In August the mean temperature at Shillong (in the Khasi Hills) is in the low 70s F (about 21–23 °C); it falls to the upper 40s F (about 8–10 °C) in January. A national highway runs through the state from Guwahati (Assam) in the north to Karimganj (Assam) in the south. The state has a lot of attractive things with vibrant culture, great scenic beauty, tradition and peace, which attracts millions of tourists. The sources claimed that after dragging Momin inside the Bangladesh, troops of 39 Battalion of BGB shot him repeatedly and left the bullet ridden body approximately 15 meters inside Bangladesh on Halughat … The ecoregion covers an area of 41,700 square kilometers (16,100 sq mi), and despite its name, comprise not only the state of Meghalaya, but also parts of southern Assam, and a tiny bit of Nagaland around Dimapur. Many rivers and streams flow out of the plateau, creating deep, narrow, steep-sided valleys; the most important is the Umiam-Barapani, which is the major source of hydroelectric power for Assam and Meghalaya states. A Council of Ministers, headed by a chief minister, is appointed from an elected Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Meghalaya has some of the densest tropical rainforests in the country, and therefore constitutes one of … During the winter months (December to February), the climate is relatively dry. When Assamese became the state’s official language in 1960, agitation for autonomy and self-rule gathered strength. Meghalaya is a state in the northeastern region of India. The state has 11 administrative districts. Also known as the abode of clouds due to heavy rainfall during monsoon season, Meghalaya is bestowed with cascading crystal-clear water bodies, diverse flora and fauna, deep gorges and canyons, high cliffs and gentle meadows and valleys in many areas, magnificent waterfalls and caves in some areas, green canopies, gigantic rocks, sacred groves, etc.. How many countries border India? Drinking and dancing to the accompaniment of music from singas (buffalo horns), bamboo flutes, and drums are integral parts of religious ceremonies and social functions. The Mawlynnong Village in Meghalaya has been consecutively voted as Asia's cleanest village and is one of places the to… The state is bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the south. Morning mist and frosty hillsides south of Shillong, Meghalaya, India. The Khasis are the only people in India who speak a Mon-Khmer language. Separating the Assam valley from the plains of Bangladesh, hilly Meghalaya (‘the abode of clouds’) is a cool, pine-fresh mountain state set on dramatic horseshoes of rocky cliffs. Meghalaya is one of the Indian states located in the north eastern region. Double Decker Living Root Bridge. This page deals with all updated info in Meghalaya State such as Politics of Meghalaya, Culture, Sports, Famous Days, Events, Meghalaya Latest News, Meghalaya Current Affairs on Geography etc. Cuisine of Meghalaya - 11 Dishes of Meghalaya for a Gastronomic Adventure When we talk of Indian cuisine, we often fail to account for dishes from India’s North-east. Omissions? Meghalaya, a hilly strip in eastern India, covers a total area of 22,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi). East Garo Hills 2. Like other states of the Indian union, Meghalaya has a governor, appointed by the president of India. Meanwhile, sources in Meghalaya informed that three Bangladeshi nationals had abducted Momin on December 28 from the bordering area with the help of BGB personnel. Scotland of the East. The Sanctuary is known to be as close to real nature as possible and is located in the Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya. Meghalaya is one of the beautiful states of seven sisters of northeast India with enjoyable climate and the wettest place in India, Meghalaya marks the highest rainfall in the country and have history which goes backs to the Neolithic era, like every northeastern state of India Meghalaya is also famous for their tribal culture like Khasi, Garo and Jaintia tribes, each of the tribal people owned … Khasi, Garo, Jaintia, Bengali, Assamese, English, Nokrek NP, Balpakram NP, Nongkhyllem WS, Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, Siju Bird Sanctuary. Balphakram National Park lies in the southern part of Meghalaya, Garos, the locals inhabiting the region, believe this hill to The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Explore India’s vibrant geography and history with this quiz. 223,366), capital of Meghalaya state, NE India. mi). The living root bridge is situated in the Cherrapunji part of Meghalaya, the wettest place on earth. The population development in Meghalaya as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Location. Its summits vary in elevation from 4,000 to 6,000 feet (1,220 to 1,830 metres). Its summits vary in elevation from 4,000 to 6,000 feet (1,220 to 1,830 metres). Data refers to market year, for example data for 2001-02 market year is uploaded as data for 2002 The capital is Shillong and it is unquestionably an energetic Hill Station. The number of inhabitants in Meghalaya as per 2011 has been assessed at 2,964,007 of which females include 1,492,668 and males 1,471,339. The largest city in Meghalaya is Shillong. The district headquarters are located at Shillong. No one travel beyond Jowai in the Jaintia Hills or beyond Tura in the Garo Hills.. For most of the visitors, Meghalaya means Shillong, Cherrapunji and Dawki only. The district occupies an area of 2752 km² and has a population of 825,922 (as of 2011). In 2011 its population was 643,291. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), age groups). All Civil Services Examination aspirants out there! The district occupies an area of 3714 km². 3 MEGHALAYA For updated information, please visit www.ibef.org EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Source:: Directorate of Economics and Statistics of Meghalaya, Central Statistics Office, Government of Meghalaya, Department of Agriculture, CEA –Central Electricity Authority Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. Horticulture - Area, Production and Productivity Statistics, 2016 Note : This dataset covers the Area, Production and Productivity Statistics of Crops. The area is made of the oldest rock-formations. It is bounded on the north and east by the Indian state … Other species include oak, birch, beech, and magnolia. The State of Meghalaya is situated on the north east of India. Total area of Meghalaya is 22,429 km² including 22,146.11 km² rural area and 282.89 km² urban area. It is bounded on the north by Goalpara, Kamrup and Nowgong districts, on the east by Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills districts, all of Assam, and on the south and west by Bangladesh. A curious custom among the Garos is that after marriage the youngest son-in-law goes to live in his wife’s parents’ house and becomes his father-in-law’s nokrom, or clan representative in the mother-in-law’s family. The state shares its border on the north and the east with Assam and on the south and the west with Bangladesh. Meghalaya was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 19722. Meghalaya has an estimated 15,100 million tonnes of limestone … All the studies had pointed to aggressive limestone mining activities in the area. The state of Meghalaya is situated in the northeast region of India, extending from latitude 20°1' N and 26°5' N and longitude 85°49' E and 92°52' E. It extends for about 300 km in length and about 100 km in width. This state is surrounded in the north by Assam and by Bangladesh in its south. Meghalaya is a beautiful state and hence widely known as “Scotland of the East” 2. By the mid-1830s, most of the local rulers had submitted to the British. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Meghalaya (out of 7), after East Khasi Hills. Meghalaya is located in the northeast of India. Unlike in many other hill regions in northeastern India, this movement was largely peaceful and constitutional. Along with other tribal areas, the region was given special protection in the Indian constitution, and, though included within the state of Assam, it retained a great deal of autonomy. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). Contents: Subdivision. Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Tathagata Roy shi ne gwamnan jihar. Chief Editor. The 1947 partition of the subcontinent disrupted the tribal populations; some tribes found themselves divided by the new international frontier, and this resulted in tribal migrations from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) to India. Jihar tarayyar Indiya ce daga shekara ta 1972. (Rainfall at Cherrapunji may be exceeded, however, by that at Mawsynram, a village directly west of Cherrapunji, where rainfall totals of some 700 inches [17,800 mm] per year have been recorded.) The main crops grown in Meghalaya are rice, millet, corn (maize), potatoes, pepper, chilies, cotton, ginger, jute, betel nuts, fruits (including oranges and mangoes), and vegetables. Shillong is the largest town; other urban centres, listed in descending order of population, include Tura, Mawlai, Nongthymmai, and Jowai. Its sillimanite deposits (a source of high-grade ceramic clay) are reputedly the best in the world and account for almost all of India’s sillimanite output. Bapung is a village in Meghalaya and has an elevation of 1310 metres. The Khasis formerly practiced human sacrifice. “... forget everything … Meghalaya spreads across a total area of 22,429 sq. Shillong is served by a domestic airline handling short-haul, low-capacity routes at Umroi, about 18 miles (30 km) from Shillong; and in 2008 an airport opened at Tura, in the western part of the state. Meghalaya State is established on 21-Jan-1972. Meghalaya is a state in the north-east India and means "the abode of clouds" in Sanskrit and other Indo-Iranian languages.As of 2011, the state has a population of 2.96 million and is the 23rd most populous in the country. Meghalaya consists of the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills along with their outliers formed by the Assam ranges. The state is one of the least developed in India. It is a summer resort c.5,000 ft (1,525 m) high in the Khasi Hills. It ranks 22nd in terms of total area amongst the states and union territories in India. Khasi and Garo along with Jaintia and English are the state’s official languages; other languages spoken in the state include Pnar-Synteng, Nepali, and Haijong, as well as the plains languages of Bengali, Assamese, and Hindi. The capital is Shillong, known as the "Scotland of the East“ , and which has a population of 143,007 Nongkhyllem Sanctuary is covered over an area of 29 square kilometres and is known to be the home to various unique reptiles, animals, birds and fauna. Meghalaya, the Abode of Clouds, is a state in the Northeast region of India. Learn more about the Indian geography on our resource- oriented platform, Maps of India. West Garo Hills district is located at the westernmost part of Meghalaya. Local time and map of Meghalaya The southern faces of the plateau, overlooking the Bangladesh lowlands, is particularly steep. There are two colleges. Meghalaya has estimated coal reserves of 559 million tonnes (MT), spread over an area of 213.9 sq. For the next century, the British exercised political control over the area, then known as the Garrows and Cossiya (Khasi) States, but the tribes, left to themselves, were able to preserve their traditional way of life in seclusion. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Meghalaya is an Indian state and located in north-eastern part of India. Meghalaya has a population of 29,66,889 peoples. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 2.2 million hectares. This state is bounded to the north by Assam and by Bangladesh to the south. In the early 19th century, however, the British desire to build a road through the region to link Bengal and Assam led to a treaty (1827) with the ruler (syiem) of the Khasi principality of Nonkhlaw. Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Meghalaya by census years. The state capital is the hill town of Shillong, located in east-central Meghalaya. Updates? It was originally a part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became a part of this beautiful northeastern state. 1. About three-fifths of the people are literate. although it is also high in sulphur content. Sohra. 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